Calcium Formate: Unlocking its Benefits and Applications in Modern Industry

Calcium Formate is a versatile chemical compound with many benefits and applications across many modern industries. As a form of calcium, it has unique properties that make it useful in various manufacturing processes and products. In this blog, we will delve deeper into the manufacturing process, the formation of calcium formate, and its optimal usage to maximize its benefits in modern industry.




What is Calcium Formate?


Calcium Formate is a chemical compound with the formula Ca(HCOO)₂. It is a calcium salt of formic acid. In terms of appearance, it’s a white crystalline powder soluble in water. At the same time, it has a slightly acidic odor. Calcium Formate is used in many industries, including construction, textile, pharmaceutical, and food. In the animal feed industry, it is used as feed additives to improve animal health conditions and productivity.






Manufacturing Process of Calcium Formate


Calcium Formate is produced through the reaction of calcium hydroxide with formic acid. The reaction produces calcium formate and water. Calcium Formate’s chemical equation for this reaction is as follows:


Ca(OH)₂ + 2HCOOH → Ca(HCOO)₂ + 2H₂O


The reaction takes place at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The resulting calcium formate is then dried and milled to produce a fine powder.


Calcium Formate can also be formed naturally by reacting calcium hydroxide with carbon dioxide. This reaction produces calcium carbonate and formic acid. The formic acid then reacts with the calcium hydroxide to produce calcium formate. This process occurs naturally in animal waste and is a potential source of calcium formate for industrial use.




Calcium Formate in Construction


Calcium Formate is used in the construction industry as an additive to cement. It acts as a setting accelerator, reducing the time it takes for cement to harden. This is particularly useful in cold weather, where the low temperature can slow the setting process. Calcium Formate also helps to improve the strength of the concrete and reduce the amount of water required.



feed grade calcium formate brown color packaging




Calcium Formate can be added to cement in various ways. It can be directly added to the mix or sprayed onto the cement surface after it has been poured. The recommended dosage of calcium formate is typically between 0.5% to 1% by weight of cement.





In the construction industry, Calcium Formate is used to produce self-level compounds, which helps improve the flow and leveling properties of the compound. Also, it is used in the production of shotcrete, which helps improve the adhesion and strength of the concrete. 


Additionally, Calcium Formate is used in the production of precast concrete, which helps to reduce the curing time and increase the strength of the concrete.




Calcium Formate for Animal Feed


Calcium Formate is a popular animal feed additive used to ameliorate the health and well-being of various livestock species. It is a form of calcium that animals can easily absorb and has several beneficial properties. The significant difference between feed grade and construction grade calcium formate is the amount of heavy metal added. 





Benefits of Calcium Formate as an Animal Feed Additive


  1. Improved Digestive Health


Calcium Formate is known to improve the digestive health of animals. It acts as an acidifier, reducing the pH of the animal’s stomach, which aids in the digestion of feed. This can result in better nutrient absorption and overall health.


  1. Antimicrobial Properties


Calcium Formate has antimicrobial properties that can help to ward off the growth of harmful bacteria in the animal’s digestive system. This can reduce the risk of infection and illness in animals.


  1. Increased Feed Conversion


Calcium Formate can increase feed conversion efficiency, which means that animals can produce more meat or milk from the same amount of feed. This could lead to increased productivity and profitability for farmers.


  1. Reduced Environmental Impact


Calcium Formate is a biodegradable and environmentally friendly compound. Its use can help to reduce the environmental impact of animal farming.


  1. Improved Growth Rate


Calcium Formate can improve the growth rate of animals, resulting in larger and healthier livestock.






Other Benefits and Applications in Different Industries


The benefits and applications of Calcium Formate in modern industry are numerous. One of the most significant applications of Calcium Formate is in producing lubricants and drilling fluids in the oil and gas industry. Calcium Formate is added to these fluids to improve their performance by reducing friction and wear on the drilling equipment.


Calcium Formate is also used in the textile industry as a dye fixative. It is added to the dyeing process to improve the dye penetrating the fabric more evenly and to fix the dye to the fabric. This improves the colorfastness and durability of the fabric.


In the pharmaceutical industry, Calcium Formate is used as an excipient in producing some medicines. It is used as a filler and binder in tablet formulations and can improve the stability and solubility of some drugs.


Another application of Calcium Formate is in producing detergents and cleaning agents. It is added to these products as a buffer to help control the pH level. This improves the effectiveness of the detergent or cleaning agent and can help to protect surfaces from damage.


In the food industry, Calcium Formate is used as a preservative in some baked goods and processed meats. It can help to inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi, extending the shelf life of these products.


Furthermore, calcium Formate is also used in the leather tanning industry as a pickling agent to help prepare the hides for tanning.





Calcium Formate Formula: How Much to Use? 


For Cement 


The optimal dosage of calcium formate depends on several factors, including the type of cement used, the ambient temperature, and the desired setting time. However, as a general rule, a dosage of 0.5% to 1% by weight of cement is recommended. 


For tile adhesive


For every ton of dry tile adhesive powder at room temperature, we recommend adding 1 kilogram of calcium formate. If the temperature drops below 5°C (41°F), we suggest increasing the amount to 2-3 kilograms, further increasing as the temperature drops. However, the specific recipe may vary depending on your actual situation. You can also click on the video below for more details.



For Animal Feed Usage 


Recommendations: Following the recommended dosage and usage instructions is essential when using Calcium Formate as an animal feed additive. The EU recommended dosage of 15 grams of CF per kg of feed can significantly reduce PH. And it is safe for most animals to add to their feed. The amount of Calcium Formate added to animal feed can vary depending on the species and the desired outcome. 


Generally, it is recommended to add between 0.5% to 1.5% Calcium Formate to the animal’s feed. However, consulting with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist is essential to determine the appropriate dosage for specific animals. 




This is a general guideline, and it is always recommended to consult a professional and perform testing to determine the optimal amount for your specific application. Following the manufacturer’s instructions when using calcium formate is critical, and testing its effectiveness in small batches before scaling up production is critical.








Calcium Formate has numerous applications in various industries, including oil and gas, textile, pharmaceutical, detergent and cleaning, and food. Its properties of versatility and effectiveness make it a valuable chemical compound for modern industry. When using Calcium Formate in any application, following the manufacturer’s instructions and testing its effectiveness in small batches before scaling up production is crucial. By doing so, Calcium Formate can help to improve the performance, stability, and shelf life of a wide range of products.


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